DEFINITION OF A FRAME OF A MOTORCYCLE
The structure or structures used to join any steering mechanism at the front of the
machine to the engine/gear box unit and to all components of the rear suspension.
Every motorcycle in the ‘parc-fermé’ must be equipped with a side-stand. The
side-stand must be fitted, either on the frame or on the swing arm.
Starting devices are compulsory.
A guard must be fitted to the countershaft sprocket.
A chain guard must be fitted in such a way to prevent trapping
between the lower chain run and the final driven sprocket at the rear wheel.
Exhaust pipes and silencers must fulfill all the requirements concerning sound
Production bikes should carry production or CE road legal exhaust.
For Super Production Bikes or modifies rally bikes he end of the silencer must be horizontal and parallel (over a minimum distance
of 30 mm) to the central axis of the solo motorcycle (with a tolerance of ± 10°) and
must not exceed the end of the silencer body by more than 5 mm.
All sharp edges must be rounded with a minimum radius of 2 mm
Exhaust fumes must be discharged towards the rear but not in a manner as to
raise dust, foul the tyres or brakes.
All possible measures must be taken to prevent the possible loss of waste oil so
that it does not inconvenience a following rider.
Any NON ORIGINAL valve systems installed on the exhaust system in view of
interfering with (or modifying) the sound level meter test is forbidden. Only exhaust
valve systems (i.e: Exup, etc.) provided by the manufacturer on the manifold, are
authorised. The setting is free.
The extremity of the exhaust pipes on solo motorcycles must not pass the vertical
tangent of the rear tyre.
On a Sidecar machine the exhaust must discharge horizontally and towards the
rear, at a maximum angle of 30° to the axis of the machine.
The handlebars must be equipped with a protection pad on the cross bar. The
handlebars without cross member must be equipped with a protection pad located
in the middle of the handlebars, covering widely the handlebars clamps.
Exposed handlebar ends must be plugged with a solid material or rubber covered.
Solid stops (other than a steering damper) must be fixed in order to assure a
minimum space of 30 mm between the handlebars with its levers and the fuel tank
when on full lock to prevent trapping the rider’s fingers.
Handlebar clamps must be very carefully radiused and engineered so as to avoid
fracture points in the bar.
If hand protectors are used they must be of a shatter-resistant material and have
a permanent opening for the hand.
The repair by welding of light alloy handlebars is prohibited.
Handlebars made from carbon/carbon, carbon/Kevlar or other composite materials
are not authorised.
All handlebar levers (clutch, brake, etc.) must be in principle ball ended (diameter
of this ball to be at least 16 mm). This ball can also be flattened, but in any case
the edges must be rounded (minimum thickness of this flattened part 14 mm).
These ends must be permanently fixed and form an integral part of the lever.
Each control lever (hand and foot levers) must be mounted on an independent
The brake lever if pivoted on the footrest axis must work under all circumstances,
such as the footrest being bent or deformed.
Throttle controls must be self-closing when not held by the hand.
Solo motorcycles must be equipped with a functional ignition kill switch or button
mounted on either right or left side of handlebar (within reach of the hand while
on the hand grips) that is capable of stopping a running engine (for Track Racing
motorcycles, please refer to this article in the CCP section).
Footrests must be of a folding type and be fitted with a device which automatically
returns them to the normal position. An integral protection is to be provided at the
end of the footrest which must have at least an 8 mm radius (see diagrams S).
All motorcycles must have at least 2 efficient brakes (one on each wheel) operated
independently and operating concentrically with the wheel.
MUDGUARDS AND WHEEL PROTECTION
Motorcycles must be fitted with mudguards.
Mudguards must project laterally beyond the tyre on each side.
The front mudguard must cover at least 100° of the circumference of the wheel.
The angle formed by one line drawn from the front edge of the mudguard to the
centre of the wheel and one drawn horizontally through the centre of the wheel
must be between 45° and 60°.
The rear mudguard must cover at least 120° of the circumference of the wheel.
The angle formed by two lines, one drawn from the rear edge of the mudguard to
the centre of the wheel and one drawn horizontally through the centre of the wheel
shall not exceed 20°.
The angle (20° max.) for the rear mudguard shall be measured with the rider
sitting on the motorcycle (See diagram S).
Radiator covers (shields) must be made of flexible materials only (i.e. plastic).
WHEELS, RIMS, TYRES
All tyres will be measured mounted on the rim at a pressure of 1 kg/cm (14 lb./
sq.in.); measurements taken at a tyre section located 90° from the ground.
Any modification to the rim or spokes of an integral wheel (cast, moulded, riveted)
as supplied by the manufacturer or of a traditional detachable rim other than
for spokes, valve or security bolts is prohibited except for tyre retention screws
sometimes used to prevent tyre movement relative to the rim. If the rim is modified
for these purposes, bolts, screws, etc., must be fitted.
The front and rear tyre dimensions are free with reference to diameter and width.
Tyres with metal studs, spikes, chains or any other anti-skid devices are not
permitted. Scoop or paddle tyres (continuous radial rib) are forbidden.
Only tyres normally available from commercial or retail sources are authorised.
Modifying the tyre is not authorised. It is forbidden to treat tyres with chemicals,
cut or groove them, use tyre warmers or any other means which may alter the
shape, minimum shore hardness, construction or other characteristics.
The tyres shall appear on the tyre manufacturers range catalogue or tyre
specification lists available to the general public. They must be manufactured
to comply with the European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO)
requirements in respect of load and speed codes and have a minimum service
description of 45 M.
Both tyres, front and rear, must have an “E” mark and/or DOT (American
Department of Transportation) approval and the DOT number must be molded
on the tyre wall.
The tread pattern specifications of the rear tyre is free, however, Art. 47.05 applies
Number plates are required for Cross-Country Rallies.
The Organiser shall provide each rider with a set of identification plates comprising
1 front plate and 2 side plates called number plates. The exact sizes and positions
of these number plates will be explained in the SR.
The number plates shall be affixed visibly at the front and on the rear sides of the
motorcycle. They shall in no circumstances cover, throughout the duration of the
Rally, even partly, the registration number of the motorcycle.
LIGHTING, WARNING EQUIPMENT AND SPEEDOMETERS
Motorcycles and their equipment must comply with the national legal requirements
for road traffic of the country in which the vehicle is registered and with other rules
specified in the Supplementary Regulations.
The electrical generator must operate continuously and normally with respect to
current and voltage during the competition and at post competition control. The
electrical connections must be retained.
CROSS-COUNTRY RALLY MOTORCYCLES
All vehicles must conform in all respects to the 1968 Vienna Convention, even
if the country in which the machine was manufactured is not a signatory to that
Convention, and be registered for road use.
Lighting and safety equipment
Lighting equipment for all categories must conform in every way to the International
Convention on road traffic, moreover:
The original headlights and rear lights may be modified or replaced. Extra lights
may be added.
Each motorcycle/quad must be equipped with at least:
• A front light (min 55 watts or equivalent in ‘lumen’)
• A generator with a required performance to support all requirements
• An audible horn, minimum 90 dB/A, measured at one metre.
• Minimum one rear view mirror.
• A fixed water tank of 3 litres or a camel back with an equivalent quantity
All motorcycles/quads must carry the necessary survival equipment as requested
in the general regulations of the race.
For all categories, the engine must function on unleaded fuel in accordance with
the FIM fuel specifications (see Art. 01.63) and be of a type equivalent to fuel from
public fuel stations. Exceptions will be mentioned in the SR of the meeting.
The exposed edge(s) of the exhaust pipe(s) outlet(s) must be rounded to avoid
any sharp edges.
Frame and ancillaries
The main frame must be marked with the original Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN). The frame number (VIN) must remain visible at all times.
The frame shall not be replaced during the event. The frame may be repaired
under the supervision of the Technical Steward.
The total fuel capacity carried in all tanks is free provided they cover at least 150klm of efficiency
The engine number must remain visible at all times.
Engine preparation is free, with the exception of the crankcase(s), which must be
During the event, an “engine change” means removing the engine from the
chassis. Engine “A”, originally fitted in the chassis of the quad can be removed
from the chassis to be repaired and be replaced by engine “B”. Engine “A” may be
repaired during the Event on condition that the engine crankcase marked during
the preliminary technical inspection remains the same.
Repairs to the engine’s “top end” (cylinder + cylinder head) are free during
the event. All intervention to the “bottom-end” (inside the crankcases) will be
considered as a change of engine.
A minimum of one bolt/nut used to fix the engine must be drilled in order to attach
a seal embrassing the chassis.
The engine may be removed from the chassis to repair a problem not related
to the crankcase. This may be done only under the supervision of the Technical
Steward. The Technical Steward only can cut and replace the seals without being
The silencer must not go beyond the rear extremities of the quad. The exhaust
pipe of the silencer must be protected by a rounded edge of minimum 4 mm.
Chassis and ancillaries
The main chassis must be marked with the original Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN). The chassis number (VIN) must remain visible at all times.
The chassis shall not be replaced during the event. The chassis may be repaired
under the supervision of the Technical Steward.
Ignition cut-out switches
Quads must be equipped with a safety ignition cut-out switch, which must stop
the primary circuit and must be permanently attached to the rider by a non-elastic,
spiral cable of adequate length (max. 100cm straightened), similar to a telephone
Four number plates are required:
• 1 plate fixed to the front of the machine at the level of the head lamp, facing
• 1 plate on each side of the machine placed on the rear mudguard.
All the mountings of the front and rear suspension units, suspension arms and the
steering spindle are retained by a safety wire or a splitpen.
Brakes, wheels and rims
The rear wheel rim diameter cannot exceed 12 inches in Group G and 15 inches
in Group H. Wire spokes are not authorised.
Every front wheel must have a single, functional brake installed on each axle and
be operated by a handlebar mounted lever.
At the rear, the vehicle must have a brake on each wheel or a brake installed
jointly on the rear wheel axle, operated either by a lever on the handlebar or by
a foot pedal.
The front and rear wheels must be covered by mudguards made of flexible
materials, covering each wheel over an area of minimum 30 degrees.
Extra fuel tanks must be at least 25 mm (1 inch) away with relation to the edges
of the protective barrier.
The total maximum fuel tank capacity contained in all tanks is 45 litres.
WEARING OF HELMETS
It is compulsory for all participants taking part in practice and races to wear a
protective helmet. The helmet must be properly fastened, be of a good fit, and
be in good condition. The helmet must have a chin strap type ‘retention system’.
Helmets constructed with an outer shell of more than one piece are permitted,
provided that, in case of emergency; they can be quickly and easily removed from
the rider’s head by releasing or cutting the chin strap only.
HELMET OPERATIVE INSTRUCTIONS
Scrutineers, under the supervision of the Chief Technical Steward, may check
prior to practice and the races that all helmets meet the technical requirements.
If a helmet does not meet the technical requirements and is found to be defective,
the Technical Steward must remove all approval marks and retain the helmet
until the end of the event. The rider must submit another helmet for approval by
the Technical Steward. After an accident involving impact, the helmet must be
presented to the Technical Steward for examination (see also Art. 77.02.14).
All helmets must be intact and no alteration must have been made to their
construction. After an accident involving impact the helmet must be presented to
the Technical Steward for examination.
The Technical Steward and/or the Technical Scrutineer may perform the following
checks before the rider is permitted to take part in practice of the race:
That the helmet fits well on the rider’s head,
That it is not possible to slip the retention system over the chin,
when fully fastened,
That it is not possible to pull the helmet over the rider’s head by
pulling it from the back of the helmet.
RECOGNISED INTERNATIONAL HELMET APPROVAL MARKS
• Europe ECE 22-05 ‘P’, ‘NP’ or ‘J’
• Japan JIS T 8133 : 2007 (from 01.01.2010)
• USA SNELL M 2010 (from 01.01.2010)
The use of glasses, protective goggles as well as helmet visors and ‘tear off’s’
is permitted. The material used for eye protectors and glasses must be made of
shatter-proof material. Helmet visors must not be an integral part of the helmet.
Eye protectors which cause visual disturbance (scratched etc.) must not be used.
Admitted classes UTV: SSV – up to 1.200 cc ( 2×4, 4×4, manual or automatic/ CVT gearshift as list compiled by the manufacturer)
The minimum weight is set at 400 kg.
The maximum overall length is 4550 mm.
The maximum width of the bodywork is 2600 mm without rear view mirrors.
Engine and transmission The location of the engine must be fixed in the original position. The maximum cylinder capacity is set at 1200 cc; only original/stock engines in term of main specs are authorised.
A differential coming from a commercial catalogue of 7 competition parts may be used.
All the parts must be available, as spare parts, through a commercial network.
The gearbox casing must be standard apart from the machining of apertures for oil supply only.
The number of ratios can be reduced to enable the fitting of wider gears.
An additional lubrication and oil cooling device is allowed (circulation pump, radiator, and air intakes).
For production components, the original lubrication principle must be retained.
The only modification authorised on the gearbox / differential housing is the one intended for adapting the additional lubrication system.
All vehicles must be fitted with a gearbox including a reverse gear which must be in working order when the car starts the event, and be able to be operated by the driver when he is normally seated.
The suspension is free of restrictions.
Crew should use helmets during all SS.
2 fire extinguishers of 2kg must be available to the crew and usable while in their sitting positions.
Exhaust: Free of restrictions
Tires: Free of restrictions